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How much do you know about printing and dyeing jargon?


1. Pull frame:

It is derived from the English (lycra) of Lycra, and it is called “Pull Frame” in Cantonese. That is, spandex fiber, or sometimes spandex cloth; for example, cotton knitting frame, which is pure cotton knitted fabric with spandex fiber;

2. Code:

It means that the quality of the bulk goods cannot meet the requirements of the customers, but in order to ship a few yards of cloth for special treatment, in order to meet the quality requirements of the customers, that is, fake, and then send it to the customer for testing, and we will ship it after ok. .

3. Gram color:

It is black. It is called in Hong Kong style. The pronunciation of black in Cantonese is close to (ha’en). It seems to have nothing to do with grams. It is probably the transliteration of black.

3. Khaki:

khaki, derived from the Persian word dust, dust. As you can imagine, it is the color of dust. Earthy yellow is a color between light fawn and medium fawn, so khaki is also a synonym for color.

4. Nylon:

Transliterated, it is a tough angular translucent or milky white crystalline resin. It is the common name of polyamide. The English name is Polyamide (PA). It is the general term for thermoplastic resins containing repeating amide groups-[NHCO]-on the main chain of the molecule.

5. Color drawing:

The color is darker, and it is peeled and treated with additives!

6. AC coating:

Also called Acrylic Coating, PA Coating, it is usually called in Taiwan. Because the main component of its chemical raw materials is acrylic, which is similar to acrylic raw materials, some people will mistake it for acrylic coating.

7. Foot water:

Waste liquid (residual liquid) after dyeing.

8. Composite cloth:

A variety of knitted fabric with polyester yarn in the middle, and the other two sides are TT/CC. Both sides can be the same or different. Some are called health cloths.

9. Firewood:

The fabrics in the rope dyeing machine are entangled, knotted, and cannot operate normally.

10. Pick up:

Generally refers to the liquid rate of the rolling car.

11. Guest version (guest sample):

The standard sample provided by the customer;

12. Aurora seal:

It is that there are diagonal high-brightness streaks on the surface of the chemical fiber cloth, which are not printed but in the process of processing, because the cloth is a bit slanted when it is at a high temperature. The cloth surface is not even after getting off the machine.

13. Jumping lights:

When two color samples (standard sample contrast sample) are color matching, they are the same color under one light source, but different colors under another light source; that is, metachromatic spectrum, or conditional isochromatic color;

14. Flower feathers:

Because the equipment is not cleaned, during the dyeing process, the colored spots or spots formed by the fibers of other colors adhering to the surface of the yarn or cloth can be dug out with a nail, and the removed parts become white spots or white spots.

15. Rotten cotton:

It is T/C burning cotton. When coloring, the cotton is dissolved by strong acid and used to color the polyester. Generally, sulfuric acid is used to rot the cotton.

16. Playing board, color board:

Swatches refer to color samples, which are based on the samples provided by customers; Swatches refer to color samples, which are provided by customers;

17. Head cloth:

Refers to the front section of the fabric that guides the finished fabric when the long car is operated, such as guiding cloth and setting dyeing;

18. White Dragon:

Refers to the pre-treatment of continuous open-width long cars.

19. Pan head:

Refers to the cloth with one axis and one axis.

20. Skimming oil:

That is, the silicone oil is peeled off, and the general silicone oil can be removed by washing with soda ash at high temperature.

21. Boiled soup:

In the Guangdong area, it is called after-treatment soaping.

22. Sharp dye:

Refers to the fact that the tip of wool is not colored when dyed.

23. Ring dyeing:

Means that the outer layer of the fiber is colored, the inner is not colored, and the section is a ring.

24. Fishing the machine, lifting the pot:

After the plate is registered, the color is OK, and the worker is asked to discharge the tank.

25. Elimination:

South Korea’s cotton soaping factory is called Xiaoping.

26. Chuan head office: (boat head office, ship sample)

It is the small head tank or head tank-like garments that fabric shops often use. In dyeing factories, customers or merchandisers often say this. Generally refers to pre-shipment sample, also called pre-shipment sample or rack sample

27. Hair lotion and oil:

Specifically refers to the water and oil repellent, the name of Japanese-funded enterprises.

28. Flashing color:

Blended fabrics (such as polyester/cotton) have different colors and lustre, and it looks like the cloth has different shades, especially the shades, flashing like stars in the sky, ha ha!

29. Hand and foot work:

The name Guangdong refers to the cheating ship sample.

30. Silicon drop:

When the silicone softener is used for hand-feel finishing, the silicone emulsion spreads unevenly on the fiber, resulting in a sticky feeling, which is commonly known as silicon loss.

31. Clamping:

It is the color flower, the phenomenon of dyeing color flower at the corner of the tube in the dyeing of the cheese yarn is collectively referred to as pinching.

32. Weight:

The cloth weight per square meter.

33. Door width:

The width and width of the grey fabric.

34. Towing cylinder:

When changing the color of the dyeing tank, use useless white cloth or light-colored cloth to add some detergent to the tank to increase the temperature to clean the tank.

35. Protect the cylinder:

Cleaning the dye vat with sodium hydroxide and liquid caustic soda is called keeping vat.

35. Stick flower:

A special color of the hank cylinder is caused by the error of the cylinder assembler.

37. Inclined pipe:

It is a horizontal high temperature and high pressure dyeing machine (as shown below).


Inventory | Various dyeing equipment

38. Ants wrinkle:

It is the appearance of small protrusions or wrinkles on the cloth surface.

39. Skirt wrinkles:

Refers to the elastic file of the weft.

40. Fever:

Generally use 80 degrees hot water to wash.

41. Show the bottom:

A phenomenon of inconsistent colors in blended fabrics.

42. Cotton sleeve:

That is, the blended fiber is dyed with one of the fibers first, and then the other, for example, after dyeing the polyester, the cotton is dyed, that is, the cotton is dyed after the polyester is dyed; what is covered is what is dyed later;

43. Snagging:

Also called hook yarn; the yarn on the fabric is hooked out by foreign matter to form a loop;

44. Fei Mao:

That is to say, there is a safety hazard if there are too many yarns in the workshop;

45. Test pulp (sizing):

The finishing prescription for finishing touch is collectively referred to as “slurry”.

46. ​​Add P:

It is to add color with a very small amount of paint setting machine, P is the abbreviation of Pigment, in order to fine-tune the light.

47. Add color:

Generally refers to the color deviation after dyeing or printing, and then use paint, reactive dyes and other dyes to correct the shade;

48. Lu Bai:

After the cloth with the frame is dyed dark, the frame will not be colored, and the white frame can be seen when the cloth is opened, which is called Lubai;

49. Lu Jin:

The cloth with the frame is dyed dark, and the frame is light yellow. When the cloth is opened, you can see the golden frame (spandex yarn), which is generally seen when dyed black.

50. L/D:

A sample of batch color is required, Lab/Dip color card; and Shade band is a cylinder piece, a large sample.

51. The color drop tank:

Dye directly to the customer’s standard, without making a sample

52. Water fastness:

It means to take a piece of dyed cloth and soak it in a specified volume, specified time, and specified temperature liquid, and watch the color of the liquid change. (The national standard for water fastness is being drafted. The standard is called liquid fastness. Note on Dyeing and Finishing Encyclopedia)

53. Dyeing two colors:

Two kinds of fibers are dyed in different colors, such as polyester-cotton two-color

54. Through train:

Dye directly out of the vat according to the formula of the laboratory.

55. Photograph:

After the sample is ready, take a photo with a digital camera and upload the email to the customer for viewing.

56. Parking gear:

The finishing equipment was shut down for some reason, and the temperature change caused the color of the fabric in the machine to change.

57. Peel within 30 seconds:

The cheese yarn is dyed, the inner layer has color difference, some yarn should be stripped off. It is also called “waste bottom surface”.

58. Violent tendons:

The phenomenon that the spandex breaks of the spandex stretch cloth.

59. Blue head and red head:

Bluish light (similarly, red head means reddish light)

60. Fire row:

It is a continuous pad dyeing infrared dryer, non-contact drying, and generally produces little or no migration.

61. Horizontal file printing and spider web printing:

The horizontal mark appears after dyeing, and the spider print appears on the pre-processed semi-finished product.

The cross mark is the uneven diameter or uneven pressure of the pressure roller during the dyeing process. The spider web print is estimated to be due to insufficient liquid volume during steaming.

62. Pull the dollar:

Fast sulfonate dye is a mixture of primer and color base diazonium sulfonate. Among them, fast sulfonate black (also known as pull black or pull yuan) is the most widely used.

63, white core:

The viscosity of the printing paste is too high or the cloth wool is too low, and the printing color on the cloth surface is slightly like a white star;

64. Clearance:

Clearing out means that after washing the feet, the water is clear and no dye or slurry can be seen.

65. Flying silk and flying flowers:

It means that the fiber is not the same fiber as the main body of the fabric, and it is accidentally brought in during weaving or the previous process, and it appears after dyeing.

66. B/F:

The color confirmation process before setting, after the B/F confirmation is OK, the cloth can be sent to the next process (B: before, F: finishing)

67. Color collision:

When two different colors are put together to make clothes, it is necessary to consider the problem of mutual adhesion of different colors on the clothes. The detection of this mutual adhesion fastness is called color fastness.

68. Mailing:

Minor strain.

69. Yin and Yang noodles:

After the fabric is dyed, there is a color difference on both sides of the fabric.

70. Over steam:

In the past, when I played board, I always listened to the master who called steaming super-steam.

71. Burning flowers:

Ready-to-use flakes of alkali rotten polyester.

72. Polishing:

Generally refers to a layer of brightener on the surface of leather fabrics, which can be washed with water or sprayed directly.

73. Floating oil:

That is, demulsification. Generally refers to the occurrence of soft finishing in the post-finishing stage, due to the poor emulsification effect of the softener, and the fusion of hydrophobic silicone oil droplets, resulting in larger oil droplets, staining the cloth surface and the roll.

Dahua Dyeing and Finishing | Emulsification and Demulsification of Auxiliaries

74. Shilin:

Vat dye, derived from English: indanthrene (indanthrene).

75. Resurgence:

Generally refers to the fabric or yarn that has just been shaped or dried, and returns to its natural color and feel after cooling.

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